and Kantara Castles were captured by Richard the Lionheart.
The Castle of Kyrenia was captured by Guy de Lusignan
and imprisoned the wife and daughter of Isaac who
had sent them there believing that they would be safe.
Guy followed Isaac to Kantara where he captured and
imprisoned him. With the fall of the castles, which
were protecting Cyprus from the foreign attacks the
island came under the power of the King of England,
by the end of May 1191 A.D. In May 1192 the island
was sold to Guy de Lusignan by the Templars who in
turn had bought Cyprus by Richard the Linonheart.
This was the beginning of Frankish domination. The
island was occupied by the Franks for three hundred
years. Kolossi Castle belonged first to the Order
of the Templars and then to the Order of St. John.
There are two different
opinions regarding the building of the castle. According
to the first of the castle was build in 1210 A.D.
when Kolossi was given by King Hugh I to the Knights
of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. The ruins of
the original castle still exist on the East, North
and North-East side of the existing building.
According to the second
opinion the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem built
the castle in 1454 A.D. The difference in these two
opinions is that while they both agree that the present
castle was built in 1454, the first on supports that
this was built on the ruins of an older castle while
the second one seems to ignore the existence of an
older castle at this same place.
The castle today looks
very well with really impressive square shape. It
is a very well built castle similar to a tower, which
reminds us any similar towers in Europe. Based on
military architecture of the castle, offered satisfactory
security to the area. It was strong enough to resist
any attacks, as strong as the Kyrenia castle, and
that is why it was considered to be impregnable.
Each of its four sides
are 16m long on the outside and 13.5m on the inside.
The height of the castle is 21m. The solid construction
proved able to protect the castle through the ages
and also from the many earthquakes that happened in