Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean which lies in the far eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea and is well known from its 9000 years old history. Cyprus has played a major part in the history of the Eastern Mediterranean. Its strategic position at the crossroads of three continents, as well as its considerable supplies of copper and timber, combine to make it a highly desirable territorial acquisition.
The only thing that has remained the same and invariable throughout the history is the Greek spirit.
Over the centuries the island came under the sway of various rulers including the Egyptians, Assyrians, Persians, the successors to Alexander the Great and Romans, Crusaders,Lusignans Venetians Enetions, Ottomans and British. Cyprus current predicament stems from its recent past as a British Crown Colony. Due to this some of them left prominent marks behind them, with constructions that have resisted the passage of time.
Various castles in the island of Cyprus are evidence of the conquerors. In
Kyrenia there are four castles, Kyrenia Castle, Kantara Castle, St. Hilarion Castle and Buffanvento Castle. These Castles are forbidden to Greek-Cypriots to visit ,since 37% of Cyprus is under Turkish occupation.
There are three castles in the Greek section of Cyprus, Limassol Castle, Kolossi Castle AND Pafos Castle.